FEBRUARY 21: The Daily Flashback
1848: The Communist Manifesto was published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
1878: The first telephone directories issued in the U.S. were distributed to residents in New Haven. It was a single page of only 50 names.
1911: Gustav Mahler conducted his final concert, collapsing immediately afterward from a severe streptococcal infection.
1925: The first issue of The New Yorker was published.
1947: Edwin Land demonstrated the Polaroid Land Camera to the Optical Society of America in New York City. It was the first camera to take, develop and print a picture on photo paper all in about 60 seconds. The photos were black and white. The camera went on sale the following year.
1958: The first Flying V guitars, by Gibson, weres shipped from a factory in Kalamazoo, Michigan, retailing for $247.50.
1964: The Rolling Stones’ their first single in America, a cover of Buddy Holly’s “Not Fade Away,” was released.
1970: The Jackson 5 made their TV debut on “American Bandstand,” performing “I Want You Back,” sung by nine-year-old Michael.
1976: The Four Seasons topped the chart in the UK with “December 1963 (Oh What a Night),” the only British No. 1 of their career.
1984: The Rolling Stones’ Bill Wyman first met 13-year-old Mandy Smith at the Lyceum in London. They were married five years later, when he was 52 and she was 18.
1987: Twenty-six years after it was a hit in America, Ben E. King’s “Stand by Me” went to No. 1 in the UK.
1990: Bonnie Raitt was the big winner at the 32nd annual Grammy Awards, winning four trophies, including Album of the Year for Nick of Time.
1836: Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes
1893: Andres Segovia
1907: W.H. Auden
1925: Sam Peckinpah
1933: Nina Simone
1938: Bobby Charles
1943: David Geffen
1946: Tyne Daly
1949: Jerry Harrison
1951: Vince Welnick
1958: Mary Chapin Carpenter
1961: Ranking Roger
1969: Corey Harris
1986: Charlotte Church
1965: Malcolm X
1982: Murray the K