JANUARY 31: The Daily Flashback
1865: General Robert E. Lee was named general-in-chief of the Confederate armies.
1876: All Native Americans were ordered to move into reservations.
1893: The trademark “Coca-Cola” was registered in the United States Patent Office.
1940: The first Social Security check was issued by the U.S. Government.
1945: Private Eddie Slovik became the only U.S. soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.
1949: “These Are My Children,” the first daytime television soap opera, debuted. It was broadcast from NBC-TV’s station in Chicago.
1958: Explorer I, the first U.S. satellite, was put into orbit around the earth.
1966: At Hollywood’s Western Recorders, Brian Wilson recorded “Caroline, No” without the other Beach Boys. The song appeared on the group’s Pet Sounds album, but the single was released under his name.
1969: Billy Preston signed with Apple Records.
1970: “Whole Lotta Love” reached No. 4, the highest Led Zeppelin ever charted on Billboard’s Hot 100.
1972: Aretha Franklin sang “Take My Hand, Precious Lord” at Mahalia Jackson’s funeral.
1979: The Clash began their first North American tour in Vancouver with Bo Diddley as their opening act.
1982: Sandy Duncan gave her final performance in “Peter Pan” in Los Angeles, wrapping up 956 performances without missing a show.
1990: Albany’s Knickerbocker Arena – now known as the Times Union Center – officially opened with a concert by Frank Sinatra.
2010: Beyoncé set a Grammy record as the first woman to win six Grammys at a single ceremony. The six awards were Song of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance, Best R&B Song and Best Contemporary R&B Album.
2016: FOX-TV broadcast a live version of the musical Grease, starring Julianne Hough.
1797: Franz Schubert
1892: Eddie Cantor
1919: Jackie Robinson
1921: Mario Lanza
1923: Carol Channing
1928: Chuck Willis
1929: Norman Mailer
1931: Ernie Banks
1937: Philip Glass
1944: Charlie Musselwhite
1946: Terry Kath
1947: Nolan Ryan
1951: Phil Manzanera
1956: Johnny Lydon
1961: Lloyd Cole
1981: Justin Timberlake
1970: Slim Harpo
2009: Dewey Martin
2017: John Wetton