OCTOBER 15: The Daily Flashback
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte began his exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
1860: Grace Bedell, 11 years old, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, stating that he would look better if he would grow a beard.
1886: Rimsky-Korsakov’s “Night on Bald Mountain” premiered in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1905: Claude Debussy’s “La Mer” premiered in Paris by the Lamoureux Orchestra under the baton of Camille Chevillard.
1937: Ernest Hemingway’s “To Have and Have Not” was published.
1951: “I Love Lucy” premiered on CBS-TV.
1953: “Teahouse of the August Moon” opened on Broadway. It ran for 1,027 performances.
1955: “Grand Ole Opry” premiered on ABC-TV.
1956: Little Richard recorded “Good Golly Miss Molly.”
1958; Jackie Wilson recorded “Lonely Teardrops.”
1960; John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr recorded together for the first time when they back up Rory Storm & the Hurricanes’ guitarist Wally Eymond on a recording of George Gershwin’s “Summertime.”
1966: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.
1968: The New Yardbirds played their first performance under their new name Led Zeppelin at a gig at Surrey University, England.
1973: Neil Young’s live album Time Fades Away was released.
1976: Ike & Tina Turner split their musical act.
1977: Debbie Boone’s “You Light Up My Life” hits No. 1 for the first of 10 weeks, the longest consecutive chart run in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 chart at the time.
1987: Jerry Garcia opened a series of solo shows on Broadway.
1988: UB40’s cover of Neil Diamond’s “Red Red Wine” finally hits No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 over four years after its initial release.
1993: South Africa’s President F.W. de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the apartheid system in South Africa.
2003: Located in the Corona neighborhood of Queens, the Louis Armstrong House Museum opened its doors to the public.
2006: Patti Smith played the final concert at CBGB.
2011: Legoland Florida opened in Winter Haven.
2014: At the St. Louis club Blueberry Hill, Chuck Berry performed for the last time.
1906: Victoria Spivey
1935: Barry McGuire
1946: Richard Carpenter
1953: Tito Jackson
1969: Dominic West
1964: Cole Porter
1999: Terry Gilkyson