AUGUST 14: The Daily Flashback
Photograph by Kirsten Ferguson
1935: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law, creatingd unemployment insurance and pension plans for the elderly.
1945: U.S. President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.
1953: The whiffle ball was invented.
1956: Washington, DC disc jockey Bob Rickman created the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Elvis Presley.
1965: Sonny and Cher’s “I Got You Babe” hit No. 1.
1971: Rod Stewart’s “Maggie May” was released.
1985: Michael Jackson outbid Paul McCartney and Yoko Ono for the ATV music-publishing catalog, paying $47.5 million for the rights to more than 250 songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.
1987: Mark McGwire set the record for major league home runs by a rookie when he connected for his 49th home run of the season.
1989: Bon Jovi’s New Jersey became the first U.S. album to be released legally in the Soviet Union. The Russian label Melodiya paid the group with a truckload of firewood since rubles are not allowed to leave Russia.
1992: Wayne Newton filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
1994: Bob Dylan, who refused an invitation to the original 1969 festival, performs on the last day of Woodstock ’94, singing “It Ain’t Me Babe,” “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue,” “Masters of War,” “Just Like a Woman” and “Highway 61 Revisited” on the main North Stage.
1998: The “A Day in the Garden” festival (which actually lasted three days) kicked off in Bethel, where the original Woodstock fest took place 29 years earlier. A mix of rock legends (Pete Townshend, Joni Mitchell, Lou Reed) and new bands (Third Eye Blind, Marcy Playground, Dishwalla) play the event.
2002: Guns N’ Roses kicked off their Chinese Democracy world tour with a show in Hong Kong. The album they were touring behind didn’t show up for another six years.
2015: The U.S. Embassy in Havana re-opened after being closed 54 years earlier.
1940: Dash Crofts
1941: David Crosby
1945: Steve Martin
1947: Maddy Prior
1948: Terry Adams
1951: Slim Dunlap
1960: Sarah Brightman
1964: Johnny Burnette
1988: Roy Buchanan
2010: Richie Hayward
2013: Allen Lanier